Private nonprofit organizations whose primary purpose is to protect and promote the broad civil rights of groups and civil liberties of individuals, to work for the realization of specific social or political goals or to encourage the participation of people in the public policy debate.
Scope notes: USE Major Group R for legal rights organizations that use the courts to secure civil rights and liberties; USE Legal Services (I80) for organizations that focus on or provide legal services to individuals.
Includes: Organizations that work to improve relations between racial, ethnic, and cultural groups; advocacy and citizen action groups that work to change public policy and opinion in a variety of areas; organizations that use courts to protect and enlarge civil rights and liberties; and organizations that promote voter education and registration.
Excludes: Animal rights groups, (see D-Animal Related); or groups using advocacy as a method to achieve goals in a particular subject area such as food, housing and education. In these cases, use the common code 01 in the appropriate major group area.
See also: Common Code 01
Organizations that work for the passage and enforcement of laws or other social measures that will more effectively protect the rights of specific groups. Use this code for organizations that broadly address civil rights and advocacy issues or which focus on populations not specified below.
Key words: Discrimination of Specific Groups; Equal Rights; Immigrant Rights; Legal Rights; Refugee Rights
Scope notes: Use this code for organizations that broadly address civil rights and advocacy issues or which focus on populations not specified below.
Excludes: Refugee resettlement programs and centers for immigrants in the United States. Use Ethnic & Immigrant Centers (P84). For organizations that deal broadly with refugee issues outside the United States, use International Migration & Refugee Issues (Q71).